Time to bring it home. Find zipForm®, transaction tools, and all the closing resources you'll need. Except for the champagne — that's on you.
Time to bring it home. Complete transactions and contracts electronically through zipForm®.
Realtor® Secure Transaction is your place to discover, access and master the essential tools for a modern, efficient and secure transaction.
Transaction management and forms software with all the must-have features, including current statewide contracts, local forms, and more.Transaction Products Service Providers Forms Libraries Support
Free advice to help you understand the form you're using with Forms Tutor® and identify which form you need for your transaction with Forms Advisor™
C.A.R. Standard Forms are developed by the C.A.R. Legal Department which gathers input from real estate professionals and attorneys to create user-friendly, comprehensive, and dependable forms.
C.A.R. now offers a list of Certified Home Inspectors for our REALTORS® members. Participants of this program have completed certain background and education requirements. Click Here to see the program details and a directory of Certified Home Inspectors.
Advice, Support and materials to improve your transactions.Transaction Tools Support Register for FREE Training Webinars
We're here to help, people! Business products and tools to empower REALTORS®.
Your one-stop-source for real estate products, forms, education, high-tech tools and more
Everything you need for a successful property management & leasing business
Download the latest C.A.R. mobile apps, including CARmojies & Stickers, C.A.R., Legal Hotline, CA REALTOR® EXPO, and zipForm Mobile.
Help potential buyers open the door to home-ownership by searching from over 400 available down payment assistance programs throughout California.
Q: Where do I go to get legal questions answered? A: Easy, look to the right!
This is a resource page for all things RPA 2021. It includes links to the RPA and RPA-related forms, training, legal presentations, and publications.
Forms, guides and other legal materials that may be used due to the spread of the Covid-19 strain of the coronavirus.
Legal articles, many in question and answer format, are currently available on over 150 subjects in 50-plus categories.All Legal Q&As
6 charts show REALTORS ® what needs to be disclosed and to whom in various sales and lease scenarios.Lease-Rental Disclosure Chart Sales Disclosure Checklist Sales Disclosure Chart
Need help on a legal issue? First, pick one of the topics.
PowerPoint presentations, videos and flyers for Brokers, Agents, and Consumers.
Short, helpful, 1-page articles on key legal topics
Wish you could catch up on California real estate law without having to read even more documents? Relax and watch a video as C.A.R.’s Legal Live Webinars bring you up-to-date on the hottest topics in real estate law.
The Legal Matters Podcast is the official podcast of the California Association of REALTORS® Member Legal Services Department.
Help, I need backup! Whether it's legal or financial help you need, C.A.R.'s got your back with these resources.
If you're a member looking to resolve a minor dispute or communication issue with another REALTOR®, a C.A.R. ombudsman may be able to help!
C.A.R. REALTOR® volunteers are specifically trained and are available to answer questions from other members about the Code of Ethics, and can provide information and limited counseling concerning its proper interpretation.
Your lifeline to the lending community formerly known as the Finance Helpline and Mortgage Rescue™. Find contacts and answers to all mortgage related questions, and problems that arise in your real estate transaction. Get assistance today!Lending Resources
Looking for additional assistance? The Customer Contact Center is looking forward to serving you Monday through Friday between the hours of 8:30 a.m. and 4:45 p.m.
The C.A.R. Real Estate Mediation Center for Consumers has mediators available to assist buyers and sellers (as well as other parties to real estate transactions) in resolving their disputes.
Did you know that for zero dollars and zero cents, you can speak with an attorney about your transaction? If you don't believe us, check it out yourself.
We offer a wide array of real estate educational courses, certifications & designations in various formats.
Easily renew your real estate license with the FREE 45 hour online license renewal package from C.A.R.
Prepare to earn your real estate license with our online courses
Distinguish yourself by learning how to build a business that specializes in niche markets to nearly double your earning potential in various real estate sectors
Browse our class schedule to find when and where to take real estate courses.
Browse through the many courses we offer - listed in alphabetical order.Online Bundles
A special 1-day event pumped up with expert insight on Transaction Coordination (TC) practices throughout the industry.
The REMS system allows brokers to deliver quality education to their agents and track their progress.
Complete your eight-hour NMLS license renewal requirement through our NMLS-approved provider, OnlineEd
Mark your calendars for our yearly meetings and events!
The main Business Meetings page includes important links for Directors and Committee Members.Tentative Program Meeting Registration
NAR meeting information and materials.
REimagine! Real Estate Conference & Expo is where learning takes center stage and where business solutions and connections are at the forefront of the real estate industry.REI 2020 Archive
You're the brand! Use our marketing tools to tell your story.
A one-stop shop for tools and and resources to educate consumers about the intricacies of buying and selling a home and how a REALTOR® can help.Prop 19 Infographics One Cool Thing Tax Reform One Sheets Fire Insurance One Sheet
Explore and interact with the latest market statistics.Housing Market Summary County Market Updates Housing Perspective Market @ A Glance
Marketing tools from C.A.R.'s consumer advertising campaign
Got knowledge? All the info you need on California’s housing market, economy, and issues impacting the industry.
This information is designed for Real Estate Brokers and Office Managers to assist you in supporting your real estate business.
CCRE's mission is to advance industry knowledge and innovation with an emphasis on convening key experts and influence-makers.
Frequently Asked Questions about the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act
Be trendy -- stay current with our latest market forecasts and data analyses.
The latest housing market forecast and projection to what lays ahead.
View the latest sales and price numbers. Find out where sales will be in upcoming months.Current Sales & Price Statistics HAI First-Time Buyer Housing Affordability Index - Traditional Historical Housing Data Annual Historical Data Summary
Your housing hub for market analysis, economic trends, and housing news.
Get a roundup of weekly economic and market news that matters to real estate and your business.
Gain insights through interactive dashboards and downloadable content.Buyer's Guide Housing Market Overview Market Update Videos View All Shareable Reports View All Interactive Dashboards
Catch up with the latest outreaches and webinars by the Research and Economics team.
C.A.R. conducts survey research with members and consumers on a regular basis to get a better understanding of the housing market and the real estate industry. Results and analyses from these studies are released in different formats – written report, power-point, infographic, webinar, and podcast - and can be found in this section.
Stay connected with the latest releases by subscribing to the products and services that interest you.
You’ve gone pro! So here are guidelines about MLS rules and professional standards.
California Model MLS Rules, Issues Briefing Papers, and other articles and materials related to MLS policy.Statewide MLS Initiative
Looking for information on how to file an interboard arbitration complaint? You've come to the right place! Find the rules, timeline and filing documents here.
Summaries and photos of California REALTORS® who violated the Code of Ethics and were disciplined with a fine, letter of reprimand, suspension, or expulsion.
The most recent edition of the Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice of the National Association of REALTORS®.
C.A.R. is presenting a 4-day Mediator Training for REALTORS® via Zoom webinar. All REALTORS® are welcome to register.
The California Professional Standards Reference Manual, Local Association Forms, NAR materials and other materials related to Code of Ethics enforcement and arbitration.Resources for Hearings via Zoom Online Training for Professional Standards Volunteers Professional Standards Webinars Professional Standards Administrator Certification Professional Standards Train the Trainer
An industry that works together, thrives together. Participate in legislative advocacy as a C.A.R. member!
C.A.R. advocates for REALTOR® issues in Washington D.C., Sacramento and in city and county governments throughout California.
CREPAC, LCRC, IMPAC, ALF and the RAF comprise C.A.R.'s political fundraising arm.REALTOR® Action Fund
It's the Law -- C.A.R.'s legal eagles tell you what you need to know to stay out of trouble.
California Code of Ethics and Arbitration Rules and external link to JAMS Arbitration service.
Summaries of legislation and regulation effecting REALTORS® and updates on news relevant to REALTORS®.2022 New Laws 2021 New Laws 2020 New Laws 2019 Real Estate Clean Up Law Changes 2019 New Laws 2018 New Laws 2017 New Laws Legal News
Important industry cases, resources and informationImportant Real Estate Cases (California and Federal) Small Claims Court
Learn on-the-go! The Legal Matters Podcast gives you bite-size nuggets of power-packed legal information that will help you protect yourself and your clients. Join our attorneys for a “Legal Bedtime Story” or for the scoop on vital issues like the “Top 5 RPA Mistakes”.
Current legal developments, C.A.R. legal products and services.Legal Foundation Realegal® SB 800 Member Legal Services Legal Action Fund Attorney Access Form
Represent! Join C.A.R. in our community and foundation programs.
Californians for Homeownership was founded in response to the California Legislature’s call for public interest organizations to fight local anti-housing policies on behalf of the millions of California residents who need access to more affordable housing.
Programs and grants to provide direct assistance to address the housing crisis in California.Make A Donation
The Rising Star Award program is a C.A.R. initiative designed to work with the brokerage community to recognize their up-and-coming agents.
C.A.R. stands ready to assist REALTORS® who have been impacted by wildfires through its Disaster Relief Fund and NAR's REALTORS® Relief Foundation.California Wildfire Resources
Scholarships for California students planning to pursue a career in real estate.
Grants for California REALTORS® and residents pursuing real estate education.
Find out more information on key diversity and inclusion programs and projects available.Fair Housing Latino Professionals Network C.A.R. Women's Initiative
New to the industry? YPN is a network to sharpen your skills, heighten your leadership, and connect with fellow REALTORS®.
Adding REALTOR® next to your name is cool. What comes with that title is even cooler. Check out your benefits.
As a member of C.A.R., you receive more than 100 free and discounted benefits. Find out more about your member benefits here.C.A.R. Member Discounts NAR Member Discounts C.A.R. Insurance Products
As a new member of C.A.R. you have questions about your benefits and discounts. Find the answers here.Member FAQs
This is so us...who we are and what we do.
C.A.R. is a statewide trade association dedicated to the advancement of professionalism in real estate.Annual Report
Meet the 2022 C.A.R. Leadership Team
C.A.R.'s Media Center houses the Association's news releases, media guidelines, and logos.News Releases
Looking for additional assistance? The Customer Contact Center is looking forward to serving you Monday through Friday between the hours of 8:30 a.m. and 4:45 p.m.
Whichever department you are looking to speak with, don't hesitate to reach out! We'd love to hear from you.
Q.What is the Buyer Representation form (BR-11) and what does it do?
A. The BR-11 (Buyer Representation Agreement) is an agreement between a potential buyer of real property and a real estate broker. The agreement has three key features. First, it defines the scope of the tasks and duties to be performed by buyer and broker. Second, it provides a written consent to a dual agency if one develops. Third, it places a limit on the time within which a legal action can be brought against the broker. This form is non-exclusive and may be revoked at any time by either buyer or broker.
Q.What is the Non-Exclusive Authorization to Acquire Real Property form (NAP-11) and what does it do?
A. The NAP-11 (Non-Exclusive Authorization to Acquire Real Property) is an agreement between a potential buyer of real property and a real estate broker. It has all of the features of the Buyer Representation Form except it provides for the broker to be compensated for services rendered on behalf of the buyer, it is also non-exclusive but, unlike the BR-11, it is non-revocable.
Q. What is the Exclusive Authorization to Acquire Real Property form (AAP-11) and what does it do?
A. The AAP-11 (Exclusive Authorization to Acquire Real Property) is very similar to the other two agreements with a few important distinctions. Like the NAAP-11, it provides for compensation and is non revocable. However, it is an exclusive agreement, meaning the buyer will be obligated to pay a commission, even if the buyer finds the property him or herself or uses another broker.
Q.How will buyers benefit from using any of the above forms?
A. Surveys have shown that one of the biggest sources of problems is lack of communication between the agent and his or her client. By putting the duties and obligations in writing, buyers will be more informed about the broker's responsibilities early in the transaction. The forms also identify tasks and services the broker will do as well as what type of services in a transaction may be performed by others. With this knowledge, buyers will be able to discuss or negotiate the terms of the relationship. Also, by having the opportunity to discuss and consent to potential dual agency early in the relationship, buyers can consider this question and avoid an awkward surprise about this issue later in the relationship. By bringing more clarity and certainty to the relationship between buyer and broker, neither becomes dependent upon the other's memory for establishing its terms.
Q.Does signing any of the above forms commit the buyer to using only one broker?
A. The BR-11 does not as it is non-exclusive and revocable. The buyer may switch brokers at any time. While this form does not commit the buyer to one broker, using two different brokers on the same piece of property is very confusing to all parties and may not help the buyer at all in negotiating with the seller. A better practice by a buyer would be to revoke one agreement before entering into another with a different broker. The NAP-11 does commit the buyer to paying the broker (irrevocable) in certain circumstances, but it is non-exclusive which means that the buyer may use more than one broker. The broker only gets paid if the broker introduces the specific property to the buyer or otherwise acts on the buyer's behalf. It would be permissible to use this contract with two different brokers on two different properties without paying both. The AAP-11 commits the buyer to a single broker for the transaction. It is exclusive and irrevocable. Even if a buyer enters into another agreement with another broker, or uses another broker without the benefit of an agreement, if the buyer acquires the property identified in the agreement the buyer may still owe the broker compensation.
Q. Must a buyer sign one of these forms before working with a particular broker or real estate salesperson?
A. While written agreements of this type are not required by law, in any professional relationship for services, it is good to have a written document so all parties have the same expectations. Some real estate offices may require one of these agreements, but that will be up to the brokerage firm. In the past, most brokers did not use these types of agreements because either the agreements were not available or those that were available did not meet the brokers and client's mutual needs.
Q.Why do the forms have a two-year limitation on the time to bring legal action against the broker?
A. Many agreements that individuals enter into have limitations of one sort or another. The drafters of these standard forms, the California Association of REALTORS®, believed that the two-year limitation is reasonable for a number of reasons. First, two years gives a buyer adequate time to make a decision about such important matters. Second, the California legislature has already statutorily recognized the two-year time frame as a reasonable period of time for a buyer to bring legal action against a real estate licensee. These contracts provide some consistency with that state law. Of course, the limitation would not apply to actual and intentional fraud.
Many terms are used to describe various relationships that may occur in a real estate transaction. The following questions and answers are designed to help clarify several of these terms.
Q.What is agency?
A. Agency is a legal relationship that is established between a principal (buyer or seller) and an agent (real estate broker) where the agent represents the principal in dealings with third parties. The relationship requires the mutual consent of both principal and agent.
Q.What is the difference between single agency and dual agency?
A. In single agency, the broker represents only one of the principals (buyer or seller). In dual agency, the broker represents both buyer and seller in the same transaction. In the real estate industry, even if one salesperson in an office is working with a buyer and another salesperson in the same office is working with the seller, the broker of the real estate firm is considered a dual agent.
Q.What is an exclusive buyer's agent?
A. The term, "exclusive buyer's agent," is often used in the real estate industry to describe a real estate licensee who never represents sellers. Real estate brokers who use this term typically do not take listings of property
Q.What is a buyer's broker?
A. The term "buyer's broker" is often use to describe a broker working with a buyer under a written contract that provides compensation. Two off the three C.A.R. agreements discussed above provide for compensation to the broker (NAP-11 and AAP-11).
The information contained herein is believed accurate as of April 9, 1999. It is intended to provide general answers to general questions and is not intended as a substitute for individual legal advice. Advice in specific situations may differ depending upon a wide variety of factors. Therefore, readers with specific legal questions should seek the advice of an attorney.